Diseases Related To Blood Circulatory:
What is Blood Circulatory System?
The system of the body which helps in transportation of nutrients and oxygen to the tissues and collects their waste products is called blood circulatory system. It is also called internal transportation system.
Some Diseases Related To Blood Circulatory System
Diseases Related To Blood Circulatory:
1) High Blood Pressure:
If the blood pressure is more than normal blood pressure, it is called high blood pressure. When the lower limit of blood pressure exceeds 90 mm of Hg and the upper limit of blood pressure exceeds 140 mm of Hg, it is termed as high blood pressure. It is also called hypertension.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
The major causes of high blood pressure are given below-
i) It is caused by smoking.
ii) Overweight or obese is another major cause of high blood pressure.
iii) Lack of physical activities.
iv) More amount of salt in the diet.
v) Too much consumption of alcohol.
vi) Stress also promotes high blood pressure.
vii) Older age and hereditary cause.
viii) Sometimes chronic kidney diseases and thyroid disorders also become the cause of high HP.
ix) Sleep apnea which is caused by snoring.
x) More use of fatty, spicy and fried food.
Prevention of High Blood Pressure
We can prevent high blood pressure in the following ways:
i) Eat a better diet with less amount of salt.
ii) Do physical activity regularly.
iii) Maintain the weight
iv) Be a positive thinker and manage stress.
v) Avoid tobacco chewing or smoking.
vi) Limit alcohol if you drink.
By the above activities, we can reduce blood pressure. The above activities also lower the risk of heart attack, heart diseases, stroke and kidney disease.
Diabetes is a disease that causes imbalance in the level of sugar in blood. It is called diabetes mellitus by doctors. In this disease, the patient has a high level of sugar in blood. The pancreas is a mixed gland that produces a hormone called insulin.
When the pancreas produces less insulin, the sugar level increases in blood. Before meal, normal sugar level in blood is 70-99 mg/dl. The postprandial sugar taken 2 hours after meal should be less than 140 mg/dl. If the sugar level crosses the limit, it causes diabetes. The symptoms of the disease are as follows:
i) Frequent urination (polyuria).
ii) The patient becomes increasingly thirsty (polydipsia).
iii) The patient feels hungry frequently (polyphagia).
iv) Slow healing of wounds.
v) Fall in body weight and dizziness.
Prevention of diabetes mellitus
Even though there is no complete cure of some causes of diabetes, it can be managed through some change in lifestyle. A combination of exercise, diet and body weight control helps to control diabetes. The following activities help to prevent diabetes.
i) By changing lifestyle (food and exercise).
ii) By reducing body weight.
iii) By reducing stress and avoiding the use of tobacco, smoking, and alcohol.
iv) By including green vegetables and fruits in food.
v) By regular exercise. Asanes and Pranayams also help to control diabetes.
3) Uric acid
We eat food like dried beans, peas, salt, fish, and drink beer. They contain purines. When the purines break in our body, they form uric acid. Most of the uric acid dissolves in blood and is transported to the kidneys.
From there, it is passed out in the form of urine. If the body produces too much uric acid or the proper amount of uric acid is not removed from the body, it makes us sick. The high level of uric acid in blood is called hyperuricemia.
Normal value of uric acid in blood ranges between 3.5 and 7.2 mg/dL. The excess amount of uric acid in blood causes gouty arthritis. The high concentration of uric acid changes into urate crystals.
The crystals deposit around the joints and soft tissues and resist the movement of the joints. It affects ankles, heels and toes. Gout can cause permanent damage to the joints and the kidneys.
Causes of Gout
The major causes of gout are as given below:
i) Family history of gout.
ii) Overweight of body.
iii) Kidney disorders.
iv) Lead exposure.
v) Drinking too much alcohol.
Prevention of Uric acid
There are many preventive measures of hyperemia. Some of them are mentioned below:
i) Apple cider vinegar is used with water to drink to reduce uric acid level.
ii) Use of lemon juice with hot water reduces uric acid.
iii) Cherries, as well as purple and blue colored berries, contain anthocyanins, which help to lower uric acid.
iv) Drinking the solution of baking soda and water helps to decrease uric acid level.
v) Use of olive oil as cooking oil is advantageous to reduce uric acid.
vi) The victim should drink plenty of water.
vii) Low purine diet should be taken. Animal’s protein, legumes, yeast, mushroom, asparagus, and beer should not be used.
viii) Starchy carbohydrates and dietary fibers should be included in the food. They are less in purine.
ix) More dairy products should be used.
x) Use of wheatgrass juice reduces uric acid level.
Beside the above points, use of alcohol and fatty food should be avoided. Regular exercise and maintaining normal body weight also prevent uric acid.