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What is Syphilis?

The bacterial infection of syphilis is generally spread through sex. The condition usually begins as a painless sore in your body, rectum or mouth. It is spread through contact with these sores from person to person through the skin or the mucosal membrane.

After your first infection, the bacteria of syphilis may remain inactive (dormant) for decades in your body before it becomes again active.

Early syphilis, sometimes with just one shot of penicillin can be cured. It may seriously damage your heart, brain, or other organs without therapy and may threaten your lives. It may also be transmitted to unborn children from mothers.


It can be confusing, as there are a couple of different stages, overlapping or occurring at around the same time. And sometimes you don’t have symptoms, but until it is treated, the infection remains present. The symptoms may vary from stage to stage and may not always be the same for all.

Primary Stage

A chancre (saying syphilis) emerges that sorrow where your body has been infected with syphilis. Odds generally are steady, round and painless, or open and wet sometimes. Often there is only 1 wrath, but there may be more.

Odds may appear on your vulva, vagina, anus, penis, scrotum, and rarely your mouth or lips. The sores may also hide deep inside your vagina, in the skin, in the rectum and elsewhere difficult to see.

Syphilis is infectious with SUPER and is easily transmitted through sex to others. A chancre for an adult hair, a pimple or an inoculated bump is easy to make. And you can’t notice them because the sores are not painful and can live in hidden spots.

Typically, chances occur anywhere from 3 to 3 weeks after infection. The weeds usually last about 3-6 weeks and then go with or without treatment on their own.

But if you’re not treated, even if the sores are gone, you still have syphilis. You must take syphilis medicine and stop it moving into the next phase.

Secondary Stage

Symptoms of the secondary stage include snapping your palms, foot sole, or other parts of the body. Sometimes it is difficult to see the secondary syphilis rash and it doesn’t itch.

You may have mild flu-like symptoms such as a low fever, tiredness, sore throat, swollen drums, headache, and ache of muscle. You can have weight loss, weight or hair loss in your mouth , vagina or anus.

Symptoms of secondary stage may last for two to six weeks and may occur for up to two years. They are similar to other common diseases, so it may be difficult to tell.

The symptoms of this stage disappear with or without treatment by themselves. However, if you do not receive syphilis treatment, your infection will still occur in your body and can enter a risky later stage. That’s why it is so important to use the STD testing.

Delayed Stage

During the secondary to the late stage, you may have months and even years of time when your syphilis infection is latent (there are no signs or symptoms at all).

People with syphilis have been facing serious health problems for a long time. It may cause tumors, blindness and paralysis in late stages. It can damage your nervous system, brain , and other organs.

In the early stages, syphilis is easily cured with antibiotics. It will still cure the infection and stop future damage to your body if you receive treatment late.

However, the damage already caused by late syphilis can not be changed or cured. Late-stage syphilis complications can occur 10-20 years after you get infected first.


A bacterium known as Treponema pallidum is responsible for syphilis. Contact with an infected person during the sexual activity is the most common route of transmission.

By small cuts or abrasions in your skin or mucous membranes, the bacteria enter your body. During the primary and secondary stages, and occasionally in the early latent period, It is contagious.

Less often, it can spread to your baby during pregnancy or childbirth through direct unprotected close contact with an active lesion (such as during kissing).

The same toilet, bath, clothing, eating utensils, doorknobs, pools or hot tubes can not be used for the propagation of Syphilis.

It is not recurring by itself once cured. If you have contact with a syphilis sore, you may, however, be reinfected.

Risk Factors

The risk factors of syphilis are given below:

i) Commitment to unprotected sex.
ii) Have sex with several partners.
iii) Are you a man who has sex?
iv) HIV, the virus that causes AIDS is infected.

Preventive Measures

No syphilis vaccine is available. Follow these suggestions in order to prevent the spread of syphilis:

i) Abstain or be single-minded: The only way to prevent syphilis is by not (abstaining from) having sex. The next best choice is to have mutually monogamous sex, where the two people only have sex and no partner is infected with each other.

ii) Use a latex preservative: Condoms can reduce your risk of syphilis, but only if the syphilis sores are covered by the condom.

iii) Avoid leisure medicines: Alcohol or other medications misuse may inhibit your judgment and lead to unsafe sex.