What is Gonorrhoea?
Gonorrhoea is a contagious disease. It is transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person. It may also spread by contact with body fluid so that mother can pass on the infection to her newly born.
The infection is easily spread and occurs most often in people who have multiple sex partners. It is caused by the bacterium called Neisseria Gonorrhoeae that can grow and multiply easily in mucus membrane of the body.
This bacteria can grow in the reproductive tract including the cervix, uterus, fallopian tube in women and in urethra in both men and women.
The bacteria can also grow in the mouth, throats and anus. The germs come out with the pus from the genitals. The average incubation period of this disease ranges between 3 to 9 days.
Symptoms Of Gonorrhoea
i) Burning sensation and difficulties in urination, frequent occurrence of urination.
ii) Thick greenish-yellow or white discharge flows out from the vagina or penis.
iii) Genitals and urethra are swollen.
iv) Red spots appear around the genitals.
v) Bleeding may occur between periods in women.
vi) Painful or swollen testicles appear in men.
vii) Eyes are affected to the newly born baby.
viii) Swelling of the vulva.
ix) Burning sensation when urinating.
x) In women, lower abdomen or pelvic pain.
Mode Of Transmission Of Gonorrhoea
i) Unsafe sexual contact.
ii) Sharing clothes and handkerchief used by the patients.
iii) Transfusion of contaminated blood.
iv) Use of infected needles and syringes.
v) Infected mother to child.
Preventive Measures From Gonorrhoea
i) Sexual relation between husband and wife only.
ii) Girls trafficking and prostitution must be banned.
iii) If a husband or wife is infected from it, both of them should be treated in time.
iv) The patient’s clothes and other belongings should be washed properly.
v) It is needed to keep the genitals neat and clean.
vi) Education on sexual hygiene.
vii)) Early diagnosis and treatment.
Long Term Effect Of Gonorrhoea
Gonorrhea may cause other health problems if left untreated.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) may be caused in women. PID is an infection that causes pelvic pain, infertility (incapacity to get pregnant), and a life-threatening ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus). Antibiotics can be used for PID.
Gonorrhoea could lead to error and premature labor in a pregnant woman. The mother can transfer it to her unborn child. Babies may be more hazardous because gonorrhea can cause eye infections, such as conjunctivitis, which can lead to blindness in serious cases.
Men without treatment may experience an infection known as epididymitis. Fever and scrotal pain and swelling can result and in infertility in rare cases.
Untreated gonorrhea can spread to other parts of the body in rare cases for both women and men. This can lead to joint and tendon swelling, skin irritation and redness, and inflammation around brain and backbone (meningitis) or heart.