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Depression Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatment:

In this 21st century the development has take place in a huge place. This development has made the world to live there life in easy and convenient way.

The development has made new things which had helped people to live life but with that the different harmful things has also been invented.

As the time changes the things also gets changed but the different activities that are done in different areas like social media has changed the life of an individual.

The change for someone could be from dark to bright and for someone it could be from bright to dark. Today, likewise only we are going to talk about the bright to dark in which a disorder is occured in people named Depression.

What is Depression?

Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical condition which has a negative effect on how you feel, how you think and how you act.

Luckily it’s also treatable. Depression induces feelings of distress and/or a lack of desire for once loved hobbies. It can contribute to a variety of emotional and physical issues, which can impair the ability of a person to function at work and at home.

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Depression Causes

  1. Drug use: You may be affected by a history of drug or alcohol misuse.  Approximately 21 per cent of people with a substance use issue also  experience depression.  

2.Early childhood trauma: The way your body reacts to situations of fear and stress affects certain events. 

3.Family history: Whether you have a family history of depression, or another mood disorder, you are at a greater risk of developing depression.

4.Brain structure: When the brain’s frontal lobe is less involved, there’s a  greater chance of depression. Researchers, however, don’t know whether this  occurs before or after depressive symptoms have begun. 

5.Health conditions: You may be at greater risk for other disorders, such as chronic disease, depression , chronic pain, or attention deficit hyperactivity  disorder ( ADHD).

Symptoms of Depression

1.Movement and expression (observable acts by others).
2.Loss of interest or enjoyment of activities once enjoyed.
3.Appetite changes  weight loss or benefit due to diet.
4.Trouble sleeping or too much sleep.
5.Feeling bad, or feeling depressed.
6.Wringing or pacing) or sluggish. 
7.Feeling bad or guilty.
8.Hard thought, concentration or decision taking.
9.Death or Suicide Thoughts Power loss, or decreased fatigue. 10.Increase in unintended physical activity.

Depression in any given year affects an estimated one in 15 adults (6.7 per cent). About one in six (16.6 percent) people will experience depression at some stage in their lives.

Depression can strike at any time, but first appears in the late teens until mid-20s on average. Women are more likely to develop depression than men do. Some studies show that a third of women will experience a major depressive episode throughout their lives.

Depression is not a feeling of Sadness

People usually becomes sad by getting scold from someone get slap or punishment for doing bad activities. This directly doesn’t led the people to get depressed as it is a normal thing for some people.

Depression is caused from some kind of mental and physical touchre. The thing mentioned in the 1st paragraph also cause depression if it is given continuously to a particular person.

The people becoming sad and grtting depressed is diffferent from each other. They are different in the following ways:

1.Painful emotions come in waves of mourning, frequently combined with  the deceased’s good memories. 

2.Mood and/or desire (pleasure) in severe depression was reduced for most of two weeks. 

3.Typically, selfesteem is preserved in grief. The feelings of worthlessness and  self-loathing are common in major depression. 

4.The death of a loved one may bring on severe depression for some people.

Depression Risk Factors

1.Personality: People with low self-esteem, who are easily overwhelmed by stress, or who are generally pessimistic, appear to experience depression with greater probability. 

 2. Biochemistry: Differences in certain brain chemicals can contribute to depressive symptoms. 

3.Environmental factors: constant exposure to crime, neglect , abuse or deprivation may increase the vulnerability of some people to depression.

4.Genetics: Depression can take place within families. Of instance, if one  identical twin has depression, the other has a 70 percent risk of developing  the disease in any period. 

Ways to treat depression

Depression is among psychiatric illnesses that are most treatable. Finally, between 80 and 90 per cent of people with depression respond well to therapy. Practically all patients are receiving some relief from their symptoms.

A health care provider will perform a comprehensive medical assessment, including an interview and possibly a physical examination, before a diagnosis or treatment.

For certain cases a blood test can be performed to ensure that the depression is not caused by a medical condition such as a thyroid disorder.

The assessment is to recognize particular symptoms, history of treatment and family, cultural factors and environmental factors in order to arrive at a diagnosis and formulate an action course.The ways are:

1. Psychotherapy:

Psychotherapy, or “chat therapy,” is often used alone to manage a mild depression; psychotherapy is also used in conjunction with antidepressant drugs for moderate to serious depression.

Cognitive behavioral therapy ( CBT) in the treatment of depression was found to be successful. CBT is a form of present-day, problem-solving therapy. CBT helps a person identify skewed thought and alter attitudes and thought afterwards.

Psychotherapy may only involve the individual but it may involve others. Family or couple therapy, for example , can help address problems within these close relationships. Community therapy is for people with related diseases.

2. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT):

Electroconvulsive therapy ( ECT) is a most widely used psychiatric procedure for patients with serious mental depression or bipolar disorder who have failed to respond to other therapies.

This requires brief electrical brain stimulation as the patient undergoes anesthesia. A patient usually requires ECT for a total of six to 12 sessions, two to three days a week.

ECT has been in use since the 1940s, and several years of work have resulted in substantial changes. A team of qualified medical practitioners, including a psychiatrist, an anesthesiologist, and a nurse or physician assistant, typically handle this.

3. Medication:

Brain chemistry can contribute to the depression of an individual, and may contribute to their treatment. Antidepressants can be administered for this purpose to help change one’s brain chemistry.

Such medications are not sedatives, “uppers” or calming chemicals. They aren’t building patterns. Antidepressant drugs usually have little calming effect on people who do not experience depression.

In the first week or two of use, antidepressants may show some change. You can not see maximum benefits for two to three months.

If after several weeks a patient feels little or no improvement, his or her psychiatrist may change the dose of the medication, or add or replace another antidepressant.

Other psychotropic drugs can be effective in some cases. Let your doctor know whether a drug is not effective or whether you have side effects.

Psychiatrists typically allow patients to start taking medicine six months or more after symptoms have changed.

Long-term preventive therapy for those individuals at high risk could be recommended to reduce the likelihood of potential episodes.