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What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?

Chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive, long-term pulmonary disease and airflow disease. The main symptoms of sputum production include shortage of breath and cough.

COPD is a gradual disease, which usually worsens over time. Finally, it will be difficult to do everyday activities like walk or dress. Older terms used for various COPD types are chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

The term “chronic bronchitis” still serves to define a productive cough which lasts two years every year for two years for at least three months.

The risk of COPD is higher for people with this coughing. The term “emphysema” is also employed in tissue for the abnormal air or other gas.

Symptoms Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Capital breathing and cough produce sputum are the most common symptoms of COPD. These symptoms are long-lasting and usually worsen over a long period of time.

Whether there are different COPD types is unclear. While emphysema and chronic bronchitis are previously divided, emphysema only is a description of the lung changes instead of a disease itself, and chronic bronchitis simply describes symptoms which may or may not occur with COPD.

i) Physical Activity Limitation.
iii) Cough. ii) Shortness Of Breath.

Cause Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Tobacco smoke is the primary cause of COPD and occupational exposure and indoor fire pollution in some countries are a major cause. These must typically occur over several decades prior to the development of symptoms. The genetic composition of a person also affects the risk.

i) Genetics. ii) Air Pollution. iii) Occupational Exposure. iv) Smoking.

Preventive Measures For Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

In most cases COPD, smoke exposure is reduced and air quality can be improved. Annual vaccines for COPD influenza reduce exacerbation, hospitalization and death.

Vaccination against pneumococcal disease can also be beneficial. Eating a diet high in beta carotene could help, but taking supplements doesn’t seem to help.

In the case of COPD, 1,6 exacerbations per year were found in the oral Haemophilus influenzae vaccine, compared to a baseline of 2,1. It was not considered significant this small decrease.