1) An HIV-infected person is considered to have AIDS when one or more of the following conditions appear: such as the CD4+T cell count falls below 200 cells/mm3 and opportunistic infection like; T.B., Syphilis, Presistent diarrhoea or Kaposis sarcoma (cancer of skin, lymph nodes) develops. Then, The AIDS patient dies within 6 months to 2 years due to attack of opportunistic diseases.
2) Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium called Treponema Palladium. The Primary mode of transmission of this disease is unsafe sexual contact.
3) Gonorrhoea is caused by the bacterium called Neisseria Gonorrhoeae that can grow and multiply easily in mucus membrane of the body. This bacteria can grow in the reproductive tract including the cervix, uterus, fallopian tube in women and in urethra in both men and women.
4) Safe motherhood refers to the protection of health of the mother and fetus during prenatal, natal and post natal period through safe motherhood initiatives.
5) Conception is the sum process of development of the fertilized zygote into a blastocyst and its embedment on the uterine wall. Normally, conception occurs at the fallopian tube and lasts for 8-10 days.
6) Ectopic pregnancy refers to the development of a foetus at any place other than the Uterus, usually at fallopian tube, abdomen and ovary.
7) Safe motherhood is the protection of health of the mother and foetus during antenatal, natal and postnatal period through safe motherhood initiatives like prenatal care, safe delivery service and postnatal care.
8) Maternal and child health care refers to the health services provided to the pregnant, postnatal and breast-feeding mother and children under five years. It includes preventive, promotive and curative health services of the mother and the children.
9) RH incompatibility is a condition that occurs during pregnancy if a woman has RH negative blood and her baby has RH positive blood.
10) Abortion can be defined as the termination of pregnancy before the foetus gains its survival quality.
11) The wishful or deliberate termination of pregnancy by using medicine or with the help of authorized health personnel is called induced abortion.
12) Labour is the physiological process in which the foetus, placenta, and membrane are expelled throughout the birth canal after the full term of pregnancy.
13) Immunization refers to the development of immunity in the body the artificial means such as vaccines against particular diseases. It can prevent us from many infectious diseases.